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Far Eastern macrozone

The potential for its development is due to the considerable resources (fish, woods, oil, gas, and mineral resources) and its advantageous seaside location and proximity to the countries of the Asian-Pacific region with its intensive economic growth. However, like in Siberia, the realization of these advantages is limited by the severe climatic conditions, the low level of the development of the infrastructure and low population density.
The key foundation for the development of the Far East is the large cities and ports, as well as the main transportation corridor in the south of the economic region.
The priority development of the agglomerations of Vladivostok and Khabarovsk as the centers of logistical, financial, business, educational, hotel, commercial, trade, and entertainment services has a multiplication effect and impact on the entire adjacent territory.
The development of ports of various specialization (Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Vanino, Sovietskaya Gavan), as well as the railroad transport will allow increasing the cargo transit both between the Asian-Pacific region and Europe and inside the country.
Priority development trends:
according to the project "The Concept for Long-Term Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation" for the period until 2020.
  • It is necessary to develop and establish the system of avia-hubs, regional level airports, the development of water transport for remote, isolated and island territories (the Kuril and Commander Islands, Sakhalin, some parts of the Kamchatka and Chukotka Peninsulas). It is necessary to complete the construction of the highway “Amur” Chita – Khabarovsk and extend it to reach the Primorsky regions, as well as complete the construction of the railway line Berkatit – Tommot – Yakutsk;
  • Among the raw materials project, the following are the most significant ones: the development of oil-and-gas production in Sakhalin, the shelf areas of the Sea of Okhotsk and Yakutiya; the construction of export pipeline in the eastern direction. Around these projects, clusters of enterprises should get established, which will provide services to the oil-and-gas industry and new well-paying jobs. The development of the metallurgic raw materials mining is especially important for Yakutia and the north-eastern regions;  
  • The development of some processing industries and companies (avia- and shipbuilding)  is still of key importance, including the defense industrial complex (primarily in the Khabarovsk and Primorsky regions);
  • The development of the basic and perspective trends in the fishery and forestry industries, the attempts to attract investments into the fish and sea products processing and timber processing;
  • There are perspectives for the development of the seaside recreation, ecological and extreme tourism based on the unique natural landscapes in Kamchatka, Primoriye, and the Kuril Islands.

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