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Urals macrozone

The advantage of the well developed regions of the Urals is the diversification of their industrial structure with a higher share of the industries producing export goods and based on their own raw materials resources (ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy in the Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk regions, the gas industry in the Orenburg regions, oil production and oil chemistry in the republic of Bashkortostan, oil production and the production of mineral fertilizers in the Perm region). Due to the integration in the world trade, the economic growth rate in the Urals is higher, despite the remoteness of the key sales markets.
Priority development trends:
according to the project "The Concept for Long-Term Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation" for the period until 2020.
  • Infrastructure (transport and energy) projects are given priority for the development, special importance is attached to the development of large-scale main corridors Urals – Povolzhiye Ц Center and Urals Ц port regions, interregional transportation communications Ц railroad connections Perm Ц Syktyvkar and Yekaterinburg Ц Kurgan; the reconstruction of the motorway section Yekaterinburg Ц Chelyabinsk Ц the border of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan;
  • The Urals economic regions is to become the large intermediate center in the transport north Asian corridor of the world trade (Western Europe Ц South-Eastern Asia Ц America), which requires the development of the international transportation key destinations, primarily the avia-hub in Yekaterinburg. It is also necessary to establish, equip and develop the border control points in the border regions in the Southern Urals with the view to stimulate trading with the CIS countries and decrease the illegal migration;
  • The realization of the economic potential and investments are in the plans with regards to the post-industrial economy of the largest urban agglomerations, in the service sector (education, trade, recreation).

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