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Annual average rate of 2007:
1 USD ($ USD)   = 29.39 rub.
1 EUR (€)           = 41,42 rub.

Currencies exchange rates (as of 11.06.2010): 
1 USD ($ USD)  = 31.5742 rub.
1 EUR (€)          = 38.0217 rub.

                      0.7% . 0%
Gold and currency reserves        441.4 bln. USD
Oil Brent (ICE)         71.62
                          USD/ barrel
GDP               II 2009 9 326,4 bln. Rub.
Exports            24,5 1,8 bln. USD
Imports           15.5 . 1.6 bln. USD
Fixed asset
   01.07.09. 621,7 . -49.4 bln. Rub.
Consumer price index
(as of 01.8 / 31.08.2009)
  100 . 0% - for food
              99.1 . - 1.5%
- for non-food
                   100.6 . - 0.2%
- for paid services rendered to the population         100.4 . - 0.4%
Forecast rates on                         
1 USD ($ USD) = rub.
1 EUR (€)          = rub.
 /  English

Sakha (Yakutia) Republic

Area, km2:
3 103 200
Time zone:
GMT+9, GMT+10, GMT+11
Administrative center (city):
Population (inhabitants):
Share of urban population (%):
Gross regional product, 2005 (million rubles):
205 846.8
Gross regional product per capita, 2005 (rubles):
216 691.5
Fixed capital investment, 2006 (million rubles) :
Foreign direct investment, 2006 (thousands USD):
The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: ́ ́ (́); Yakut: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct romanization of the republic's name is Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya) in Russian and Sakha Respublikata in Sakha. At half the size of the Far Eastern Federal District, it is the largest subnational governing body by area in the world. Borders: o internal: Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (E), Magadan Oblast (E/SE), Khabarovsk Krai (SE), Amur Oblast (S), Chita Oblast (S), Irkutsk Oblast (S/SW), Krasnoyarsk Krai (W). o water: Arctic Ocean (including Laptev Sea and Eastern Siberian Sea) (N). Highest point: Peak Pobeda (3,003 m), Peak Mus-Khaya (2959 m or 3,011 m) Maximum N->S distance: 2,500 kilometers (1,553 mi) Maximum E->W distance: 2,000 kilometers (1,243 mi) Sakha stretches to the Henrietta Islands in the far north and is washed by the Laptev and Eastern Siberian Seas of the Arctic Ocean. These waters, the coldest and iciest of all seas in the northern hemisphere, are covered by ice for 9-10 months of the year. New Siberian Islands are a part of the republic's territory. After Nunavut was separated from Canada's Northwest Territories, Sakha became the largest subnational entity (statoid) in the world, with an area of 3,103,200 km² Sakha can be divided into three great vegetation belts. About 40% of Sakha lies above the Arctic circle and all of it is covered by permafrost which greatly influences the region's ecology and limits forests in the southern region. Arctic and subarctic tundra define the middle region, where lichen and moss grow as great green carpets and are favorite pastures for reindeer. In the southern part of the tundra belt, scattered stands of dwarf Siberian pine and larch grow along the rivers. Below the tundra is the vast taiga forest region. Larch trees dominate in the north and stands of fir and pine begin to appear in the south. Taiga forests cover about 47% of Sakha and almost 90% of this cover is larch. Sakha is well endowed with raw materials. The soil contains large reserves of oil, gas, coal, diamonds, gold, silver, tin, wolfram and many others. 99% of all Russian diamonds are mined in Sakha, accounting for over 25% of the world's diamond production Industry generates slightly above 50%[citation needed] of the gross national product of Sakha, stemming primarily from mineral exploitation. Industrial enterprises are concentrated in the capital Yakutsk, as well as in Aldan, Mirny, Neryungri, Pokrovsk, and Udachny. The diamond, gold and tin ore mining industries are the major focus of the economy. Uranium ore is beginning to be mined. Turkic-language Sakha are in politics, government, finance, economy and cattle-breeding (horses and cows for milk and meat). The Paleoasian indigenous peoples are hunters, fishermen, and reindeer herders. Water transport ranks first for cargo turnover. There are six river ports, two sea ports (Tiksi and Zelyony Mys). Four shipping companies, including the Arctic Sea Shipping Company, operate in the republic. The republic's main waterway is the Lena River, which links Yakutsk with the rail station of Ust-Kut in Irkutsk Oblast. Air transport is the most important for transporting people. Airlines connect the republic with most regions of Russia. Yakutsk Airport has an international terminal. Two federal roads pass the republic. They are YakutskBolshoy Never and YakutskMagadan. However, due to the presence of permafrost, use of asphalt is not practical, and therefore the roads are made of clay. When heavy rains blow over the region, the roads often turn to mud, sometimes stranding hundreds of travellers in the process.
  Contact information
Region's website
Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov

Investment projects of the region:
At present, There are no projects of this region in database while.

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